Introduction to our Dictionary of Music Terms
Increase tempo(speed) gradually
Emphasize certain note
The first beat of a measure is naturally accented
In italian it would mean “walking”
Note that doesn’t belong to the chord it is sounding in the background. An apoggiatura tends to “resolve” in a note that belongs to the chord it is sounding
A chord in which its notes are played one after the other
Everything related to the length of the notes. For example, staccato, legato or portato
Fragment of music that coincides with the time signature
Music has “heart beats”. What you normally do when you want to accompany a music with clapping
Sequence of chords that sounds at the end of a musical phrase
Fragment that is played freely
Formed by 2 or more melodies. A melody is accompanied by that same melody starting a bit later
Three or more notes played at the same time
Certain number of notes that have one half-tone distance to each other
Sign that indicates the register (number of notes that fragment or piece will cover)
Conclusive part of a fragment or piece
Play louder gradually
Start playing from the beginning
Chord that is formed over the fifth note of the scale
Play softer gradually
Everything related to the intensity of the sound
The duration of the note/chord in which this sign is played is longer
Play that note half a tone lower
Play loud and right after play soft
A continuous sliding from one pitch to another
Pieces are theoretically written using only 7 notes. Each combination has different key name. In practice, you can change the key momentaneously or even change radically the key in the middle of the piece.
Light, as the opposite of heavy
Notes played without any sound gap. This is to say, link the notes as much as you can.
Major refers to a chord that has certain pattern: From the fundamental note to the second note there is a major third (4 half tones) and from the second note to the third note there is a minor third (3 half tones)
Minor refers to a chord that has certain pattern: From the fundamental note to the second note there is a minor third (3 half tones) and from the second note to the third note there is a major third (4 half tones)
Sequence of notes that has certain sense and repeats several or many times in the piece
A note that has no sharps or flats
Distance of 12 half tones. For example, a note that is in the center of a piano (for example C) is one octave distance to the next C of the piano
Fragment of sequence of notes that repeats several or many times
Play slower gradually
Determined number of notes that generally defines the key of a piece
Symbol that is used to indicate that that particular note needs to be played 1 half tone higher.
Make the sound shorter (respecting the tempo).
Speed of the music
Symbol composed by two numbers. It indicated the organization of the rhythm. For example 4/4 time signature means that every bar has 4 quarter notes
Embellishment of a note. You should play one note and the note above or below, consecutively and fast for 2 or more rows.
Three notes played in the time of two of the same kind. For example, where you play two eighth notes, play three equal notes.
Chord that is formed from the first note of the scale.
Two melodies that play exactly the same notes
Emebellishment added to one note. Technically a vibrato can be performed through small regular changes of the pitch, but also through regular changes of the intensity of the sound.
Are these all terms in music theory?
Music is so wide that we will never cover everything. If you want to go deeper in this topic you can check most-used music terms.